[Don’t] pump up the volume

Jazz Studies DMA candidate Greg Johnson conducts the Thornton Jazz Orchestra at Ground Zero Performance Café. (Photo/Danny Wirick)
Jazz Studies DMA candidate Greg Johnson conducts the Thornton Jazz Orchestra at Ground Zero Performance Café. (Photo/Danny Wirick)

Jazz Studies DMA candidate Greg Johnson conducts the Thornton Jazz Orchestra at Ground Zero Performance Café. (Photo/Danny Wirick)

Frank Potenza, chair of the department of Studio/Jazz Guitar, sat in with the band. (Photo/Danny Wirick)
Frank Potenza, chair of the department of Studio/Jazz Guitar, sat in with the band. (Photo/Danny Wirick)

Frank Potenza, chair of the department of Studio/Jazz Guitar, sat in with the band. (Photo/Danny Wirick)

Jazz Studies masters student Alex Hahn. (Photo/Danny Wirick)
Jazz Studies masters student Alex Hahn. (Photo/Danny Wirick)

Jazz Studies masters student Alex Hahn. (Photo/Danny Wirick)

Peter Erskine, Director of USC Thornton Drumset Studies, sat in with the TJO. (Photo/Danny Wirick)
Peter Erskine, Director of USC Thornton Drumset Studies, sat in with the TJO. (Photo/Danny Wirick)

Peter Erskine, Director of USC Thornton Drumset Studies, sat in with the TJO. (Photo/Danny Wirick)

Edward Evans (BM '18, jazz studies). (Photo/Danny Wirick)
Edward Evans (BM '18, jazz studies). (Photo/Danny Wirick)

Edward Evans (BM '18, jazz studies). (Photo/Danny Wirick)

Studio guitar performance student Colin Cook performs a guitar solo. (Photo/Danny Wirick)
Studio guitar performance student Colin Cook performs a guitar solo. (Photo/Danny Wirick)

Studio guitar performance student Colin Cook performs a guitar solo. (Photo/Danny Wirick)

Jazz Studies doctoral candidate Ramsey Castaneda. (Photo/Danny Wirick)
Jazz Studies doctoral candidate Ramsey Castaneda. (Photo/Danny Wirick)

Jazz Studies doctoral candidate Ramsey Castaneda. (Photo/Danny Wirick)

Spencer Brodhead (BM '15, jazz studies). (Photo/Danny Wirick)
Spencer Brodhead (BM '15, jazz studies). (Photo/Danny Wirick)

Spencer Brodhead (BM '15, jazz studies). (Photo/Danny Wirick)

Paul Cornish (BM '18, jazz studies) tries on a pair of Etymotic earplugs designed for musicians. (Photo/Daniel Anderson)
Paul Cornish (BM '18, jazz studies) tries on a pair of Etymotic earplugs designed for musicians. (Photo/Daniel Anderson)

Paul Cornish (BM '18, jazz studies) tries on a pair of Etymotic earplugs designed for musicians. (Photo/Daniel Anderson)

Alex Hahn tries out a pair of Etymotic earplugs. (Photo/Daniel Anderson)
Alex Hahn tries out a pair of Etymotic earplugs. (Photo/Daniel Anderson)

Alex Hahn tries out a pair of Etymotic earplugs. (Photo/Daniel Anderson)

Greg Johnson conducted the Thornton Jazz Orchestra while wearing a pair of Etymotic noise-reduction earphones, himself. (Photo/Daniel Anderson)
Greg Johnson conducted the Thornton Jazz Orchestra while wearing a pair of Etymotic noise-reduction earphones, himself. (Photo/Daniel Anderson)

Greg Johnson conducted the Thornton Jazz Orchestra while wearing a pair of Etymotic noise-reduction earphones, himself. (Photo/Daniel Anderson)


 
The recent USC Thornton Jazz Orchestra concert at Ground Zero Performance Café was an experiment of sorts, designed to test the latest technology in hearing protection for musicians, while raising awareness about issues such as noise-induced hearing loss.

Part of the Musician’s Wellness Initiative at the USC Thornton School of Music in collaboration with the Keck School of Medicine of USC, the two-day event on April 16 and 17 featured concerts and symposiums in a harmonious blend of entertainment and education, suited for both musicians and music lovers alike.

“What we’re trying to do is increase the consciousness that a long career in music fundamentally relies upon the health of your instrument, which is your body – and particularly your ears,” said Chris Sampson, Vice Dean of the Contemporary Music Division.

Protecting Your Ears

The Thornton Jazz Orchestra concert on April 16 was sponsored by Etymotic Research Inc., which developed the electronic MusicPRO earplugs for musicians with which the entire ensemble performed. The earplugs allow for normal listening when volumes are safe, and automatically provide sound reduction when volumes go up to dangerous levels.

“Big bands can be rather loud, especially sitting in the midst of trumpets and brass when they’re really pumping,” said guitarist Frank Potenza, chair of the department of Studio/Jazz Guitar. “So it’s an interesting experiment and this initiative is hugely important. I’ve known enough people that have damage from being in bands that play loud amplified music and have suffered painful consequences. If that’s avoidable at all, I’m in that line and suggest everyone else get in it too.”

Considering that the din in an orchestra pit can rival that of a motorcycle and a rock concert is often as loud as an ambulance siren, musicians of all genres are at risk for hearing loss.

Dr. Sarah W. Bottjer, USC Neurobiology, USC Biological Sciences, presented at the Hearing Health Forum. (Photo/Danny Wirick)
Dr. Sarah W. Bottjer, USC Neurobiology, USC Biological Sciences, presented at the Hearing Health Forum. (Photo/Danny Wirick)

Dr. Sarah W. Bottjer, USC Neurobiology, USC Biological Sciences, presented at the Hearing Health Forum. (Photo/Danny Wirick)

Dr. Robert Shannon, USC Otolaryngology, USC Biomedical Engineering, USC Neuroscience. (Photo/Danny Wirick)
Dr. Robert Shannon, USC Otolaryngology, USC Biomedical Engineering, USC Neuroscience. (Photo/Danny Wirick)

Dr. Robert Shannon, USC Otolaryngology, USC Biomedical Engineering, USC Neuroscience. (Photo/Danny Wirick)

Dr. Mead Killion, President/CTO of Etymotic, which supplied electronic earplugs for the Thornton Jazz Orchestra. (Photo/Danny Wirick)
Dr. Mead Killion, President/CTO of Etymotic, which supplied electronic earplugs for the Thornton Jazz Orchestra. (Photo/Danny Wirick)

Dr. Mead Killion, President/CTO of Etymotic, which supplied electronic earplugs for the Thornton Jazz Orchestra. (Photo/Danny Wirick)

Dr. Carolina Abdala, USC Otolaryngology. (Photo/Danny Wirick)
Dr. Carolina Abdala, USC Otolaryngology. (Photo/Danny Wirick)

Dr. Carolina Abdala, USC Otolaryngology. (Photo/Danny Wirick)

“I’ve suffered from tinnitus and have been living with it for 25 years now,” said drummer Peter Erskine, director of Drumset Studies at USC Thornton. “Protecting my hearing now is more important than ever.”

Erskine wants the next generation of musicians to know they don’t have to lose their hearing. “Advanced technology like this enables you to still be creative and enjoy making music and not play yourself into an early hearing disability,” he said. “Safe hearing, it’s kind of like safe sex.”

Nathan Johnson, a second-year graduate student who plays trumpet with the USC Thornton Jazz Orchestra, gets it. Though he has been reluctant to wear earplugs in the past, he’s also become more aware of the consequences of not doing so.

“In a big band a lot of times I sit right next to the drummer, so my right ear will start going first,” he said. “I go to a lot of live shows, sometimes loud ones, and I’ll leave and my head hurts, my ears ring.” Johnson said he wished he’d had the Etymotic earplugs for a recent gig with the Temptations. “It was unbelievably loud, and I could barely hear the saxophones sitting right in front to me. I could barely hear myself.”

Johnson felt like this was the right time and place to raise awareness. “Most of us want to be performers. We want a long career,” he said. “We should be exposed to this research while we’re here. If we don’t learn about it now, where will we learn about it?”

Celebrating the Voice

Hearing health wasn’t the only focus of the Musician’s Wellness Initiative – Cynthia Munzer of the Vocal Arts and Opera department hosted an educational performance event to coincide with World Voice Day.

Bringing together singers and vocal health experts, the event examined the extraordinary physiological forces that shape the human voice – and the challenges of keeping those elements in peak physical condition.

Cynthia Munzer speaking at World Voice Day 2015 (Photo/Daniel Anderson)

“The voice is an extension of the body and we have to promote wellness of the body,” Munzer said. “It’s important to see the lungs in action, and to see the vocal chords working together.”

In between performances by the CreSCendo Vocal Jazz Ensemble, the Apollo Men’s Chorus and excerpts from two operas, audiences enjoyed lectures by Keck School of Medicine faculty physicians Lindsay Reder, Uttam Sinha, and Karla O’Dell from the Otolaryngology department as well as lung specialist Daniel Oh.

Following the World Voice Day event, guests were invited to the Popular Music Forum that featured presentations on hearing health by Keck faculty physicians Carolina Abdala and Robert Shannon from the Otolaryngology department, Sarah W. Bottjer from the USC Neuroscience department, and Mead Killion, President/CTO of Etymotic Research, Inc.

For both musicians and health professionals, the Musician’s Wellness Initiative presented opportunities for education and collaboration. As Munzer noted, however, it was also an opportunity to celebrate musical artistry and all of the work that comes with it.

“USC and Thornton regard our voices so highly,” said Munzer, “So why not have a celebration of performance?”